Ranked Choice Voting

What is a “Ranked Choice Voting”(RCV)?
Shown below is a mock “RCV” ballot for the 2016 Oregon general election - if - four candidates had been advanced from a hybrid primary. The top four candidates are listed in order - based on a presumed final vote count for the primary. Note, this is a mock ballot. There’s no way to ascertain with any certainty, which four candidates would have advanced. This ballot shows only one possibility, and this particular possibility was chosen to highlight a very likely outcome that most people are unaware of. The ballot shows Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton both advancing from the primary to the general election.
Lets Try voting for the greater of the two evils this time and see what happens.
Copyright © 2019, Paul Damian Wells, Corvallis, Oregon    Contact
“Ranked Choice” is a type of hybrid election that uses a two stage vote tally to combine a multiple candidate general election with a top-two run-off.
A hybrid primary is designed specifically to limit each major party to one candidate - and many assume this will always be the case. Nonetheless, so many voters receive Open Ballots (38%), that it’s entirely possible, for a strong major party candidate to lose in the winner-take-all partisan tally - but still qualify for the general election. A hybrid primary secures an equal, unfettered opportunity for minor party and Independent candidates - but - they must be good candidates running strong campaigns. A hybrid primary doesn’t guarantee general election ballot access to anyone. Only the top candidates advance - and the top candidates are chosen in the primary - by voters. Voters using an RCV ballot are allowed to indicate a first and second choice for each office. Any combination of choices is permissible - as long as the vote-for-one rules are not violated. Shown below are presumed - but nonetheless reasonable mock results for the ballot shown above. In Oregon, statewide Republican candidates normally garner 46%-47%  of the vote - rarely higher, sometimes lower. Libertarian candidates normally poll around 1% - 2%, and Write-Ins are normally 1% or less. Democrats get all the progressive vote if the Pacific Green Party and Independent Party of Oregon are not on the ballot. We assume 100 ballots returned - just to make the math simple. (Note, the results don’t add up to 100. This is due to “Under-Voting”. Voters in Oregon and elsewhere don’t fill in their ballots completely when they’re dissatisfied with the choices given…
Ranked Choice General Election Ballot Ranked Choice General Election Returns
The results shown above are reasonable for this particular slate of candidates. Note: 1. It’s permissible to choose the same candidate for a first and second choice. Many voters did this for Trump, Sanders and Clinton. 2. It’s permissible to leave the second choice blank. The second choice votes for Trump don’t add up to 46 (The first choice count) 3. Major party voters usually assume that minor party voters will support a Democrat or Republican as their second choice. The results shown above are probably more realistic. The results of the first tally are shown below. The top two candidates were Trump and Clinton. The remaining three candidates were eliminated along with their votes.
Ranked Choice Election Returns after 1st Tally.
The second tally consolidates the votes for the top two candidates, and hopefully, determines a single top candidate. Note that RCV is designed specifically to solve the problem of vote splitting in the general election. The example shown above is realistic, in that Donald Trump could easily have won the Oregon general election with far less than 50% of the vote.
Ranked Choice Final Returns after 2nd Tally

Ranked Choice Voting

What is a “Ranked Choice Voting”(RCV)?
Shown below is a mock “RCV” ballot for the 2016 Oregon general election - if - four candidates had been advanced from a hybrid primary. The top four candidates are listed in order - based on a presumed final vote count for the primary. Note, this is a mock ballot. There’s no way to ascertain with any certainty, which four candidates would have advanced. This ballot shows only one possibility, and this particular possibility was chosen to highlight a very likely outcome that most people are unaware of. The ballot shows Bernie Sanders and Hillary Clinton both advancing from the primary to the general election.
Lets Try voting for the greater of the two evils this time and see what happens.
Copyright © 2019, Paul Damian Wells, Corvallis, Oregon    Contact
“Ranked Choice” is a type of hybrid election that uses a two stage vote tally to combine a multiple candidate general election with a top-two run-off.
A hybrid primary is designed specifically to limit each major party to one candidate - and many assume this will always be the case. Nonetheless, so many voters receive Open Ballots (38%), that it’s entirely possible, for a strong major party candidate to lose in the winner-take-all partisan tally - but still qualify for the general election. A hybrid primary secures an equal, unfettered opportunity for minor party and Independent candidates - but - they must be good candidates running strong campaigns. A hybrid primary doesn’t guarantee general election ballot access to anyone. Only the top candidates advance - and the top candidates are chosen in the primary - by voters. Voters using an RCV ballot are allowed to indicate a first and second choice for each office. Any combination of choices is permissible - as long as the vote-for-one rules are not violated. Shown below are presumed - but nonetheless reasonable mock results for the ballot shown above. In Oregon, statewide Republican candidates normally garner 46%-47%  of the vote - rarely higher, sometimes lower. Libertarian candidates normally poll around 1% - 2%, and Write-Ins are normally 1% or less. Democrats get all the progressive vote if the Pacific Green Party and Independent Party of Oregon are not on the ballot. We assume 100 ballots returned - just to make the math simple. (Note, the results don’t add up to 100. This is due to “Under-Voting”. Voters in Oregon and elsewhere don’t fill in their ballots completely when they’re dissatisfied with the choices given…
Ranked Choice General Election Ballot Ranked Choice General Election Returns
The results shown above are reasonable for this particular slate of candidates. Note: 1. It’s permissible to choose the same candidate for a first and second choice. Many voters did this for Trump, Sanders and Clinton. 2. It’s permissible to leave the second choice blank. The second choice votes for Trump don’t add up to 46 (The first choice count) 3. Major party voters usually assume that minor party voters will support a Democrat or Republican as their second choice. The results shown above are probably more realistic. The results of the first tally are shown below. The top two candidates were Trump and Clinton. The remaining three candidates were eliminated along with their votes.
Ranked Choice Election Returns after 1st Tally.
The second tally consolidates the votes for the top two candidates, and hopefully, determines a single top candidate. Note that RCV is designed specifically to solve the problem of vote splitting in the general election. The example shown above is realistic, in that Donald Trump could easily have won the Oregon general election with far less than 50% of the vote.
Ranked Choice Final Returns after 2nd Tally
The Hybrid Primary Election Reform in Oregon
The Hybrid Primary Election Reform in Oregon