Backward or Laterally

What is a “Hybrid” primary?
Shown below are mock ballots for the 2016 U.S. Presidential Primary. These are representations of the actual ballots received by Oregon voters in May of 2016. By law, Oregon still conducts closed partisan primaries and, as shown, there were three different ballots used: “Republican” - showing only Republican Candidates; “Democratic” - showing only Democratic candidates; and “Nonpartisan” - sent to all minor-party and Independent voters, showing no candidates at all - not even a write-in space. (Note: Oregon had 3 major parties in 2016 but the third party had no presidential candidate.)
Partisan+Top-Four Elections Next, mock ballots for the same 2016 primary – had it been conducted as a hybrid “Partisan+Top- Four”, are shown below. As before, there are still three ballots: “Republican”; “Democrat”; and “Open”. Unlike the existing ballots however, the name of every candidate appears on every ballot. (Including Independent and Minor-Party) All candidates and voters are guaranteed the opportunity to participate  in the candidate selection stage of the election.
Which ballot would you like? Democrat? Republican? Independent ... or I don't give a damn?
Copyright © 2019, Paul Damian Wells, Corvallis, Oregon    Contact
A “Hybrid Primary” combines an open Top-Four election with the closed partisan primaries. All voters and candidates are allowed to participate - while still allowing major parties the ability to consolidate their support behind a single candidate.
Hybrid Primary Ballots
What is a “Two-Stage” vote tally? To avoid vote splitting by major party candidates, the vote tally in a hybrid primary is conducted in two stages. The partisan ballots are tallied first, with the top candidate from each major party winning all his/her party votes (winner-take- all). The results of the partisan tally are then added to the open ballots to determine the top four candidates who advance to the general election. (By registering as affiliated with a major party and requesting a major party ballot - a voter implicitly agrees to support the top candidate of his/her party in the final top-four vote tally.)
Some important details 1. Closed partisan ballots are only provided to major political parties – meaning political parties with a significant base of voter support that typically field more than one candidate per office. 2. Partisan ballots have the names of the affiliated party candidates grouped together at the top with the names of other candidates listed separately below. Each affiliated voter can “opt- out” of a major party contest, on a race by race basis, by selecting a non-affiliated candidate from the lower half of the ballot. There are no artificial barriers that would prohibit any voter from voting for any candidate. (In free elections, minor party and Independent candidates must have an unfettered opportunity to solicit the support of major party voters.) 3. If an affiliated voter opts-out of a major party race (by voting for a non-affiliated candidate), that vote is not counted in the partisan tally, but is nonetheless included in the final top-four tally with other open votes. This is a free election. Each voter may cast a single vote, and that one vote counts the same as any other vote in determining the top four candidates. 4. A “Write-In” candidate is allowed on every ballot, but - is always non-affiliated. 5. Each affiliated voter may write-in the name of an affiliated candidate even if the name is already preprinted on the ballot above. This is a free election and there are no artificial barriers that would prohibit any voter from not  supporting any candidate(s). (A write-in is always a non-affiliated vote and is not counted in the initial partisan winner-take-all tally.) 6. It’s not shown above, but write-in candidates are still allowed on the general election ballots as well. In free elections, voters must be allowed to vote for any candidate regardless of whether the candidate's name is preprinted on the ballot or not. 7. Given the existing voter registration numbers, it’s likely the Democrat and Republican parties will each advance their nominee to the general election ballot. Nonetheless, two general election ballot spots still remain for the top minor party or Independent candidates.
The Keel - A large group of centrist voters, disenfranchised by closed partisan elections. 976,409Voters* 706,744Voters* 1,072,797Voters* *Official Voter Registration as of 12/2018

Backward or Laterally

What is a “Hybrid” primary?
Shown below are mock ballots for the 2016 U.S. Presidential Primary. These are representations of the actual ballots received by Oregon voters in May of 2016. By law, Oregon still conducts closed partisan primaries and, as shown, there were three different ballots used: “Republican” - showing only Republican Candidates; “Democratic” - showing only Democratic candidates; and “Nonpartisan” - sent to all minor-party and Independent voters, showing no candidates at all - not even a write-in space. (Note: Oregon had 3 major parties in 2016 but the third party had no presidential candidate.)
Partisan+Top-Four Elections Next, mock ballots for the same 2016 primary – had it been conducted as a hybrid “Partisan+Top-Four”, are shown below. As before, there are still three ballots: “Republican”; “Democrat”; and “Open”. Unlike the existing ballots however, the name of every candidate appears on every ballot. (Including Independent and Minor-Party) All candidates and voters are guaranteed the opportunity to participate  in the candidate selection stage of the election.
Which ballot would you like? Democrat? Republican? Independent ... or I don't give a damn?
Copyright © 2019, Paul Damian Wells, Corvallis, Oregon    Contact
A “Hybrid Primary” combines an open Top-Four election with the closed partisan primaries. All voters and candidates are allowed to participate - while still allowing major parties the ability to consolidate their support behind a single candidate.
Closed Primary Ballots Hybrid Primary Ballots
What is a “Two-Stage” vote tally? To avoid vote splitting by major party candidates, the vote tally in a hybrid primary is conducted in two stages. The partisan ballots are tallied first, with the top candidate from each major party winning all his/her party votes (winner-take-all). The results of the partisan tally are then added to the open ballots to determine the top four candidates who advance to the general election. (By registering as affiliated with a major party and requesting a major party ballot - a voter implicitly agrees to support the top candidate of his/her party in the final top-four vote tally.)
Some important details 1. Closed partisan ballots are only provided to major political parties – meaning political parties with a significant base of voter support that typically field more than one candidate per office. 2. Partisan ballots have the names of the affiliated party candidates grouped together at the top with the names of other candidates listed separately below. Each affiliated voter can “opt-out” of a major party contest, on a race by race basis, by selecting a non-affiliated candidate from the lower half of the ballot. There are no artificial barriers that would prohibit any voter from voting for any candidate. (In free elections, minor party and Independent candidates must have an unfettered opportunity to solicit the support of major party voters.) 3. If an affiliated voter opts-out of a major party race (by voting for a non-affiliated candidate), that vote is not counted in the partisan tally, but is nonetheless included in the final top-four tally with other open votes. This is a free election. Each voter may cast a single vote, and that one vote counts the same as any other vote in determining the top four candidates. 4. A “Write-In” candidate is allowed on every ballot, but - is always non-affiliated. 5. Each affiliated voter may write-in the name of an affiliated candidate even if the name is already preprinted on the ballot above. This is a free election and there are no artificial barriers that would prohibit any voter from not supporting any candidate(s). (A write-in is always a non- affiliated vote and is not counted in the initial partisan winner-take-all tally.) 6. It’s not shown above, but write-in candidates are still allowed on the general election ballots as well. In free elections, voters must be allowed to vote for any candidate regardless of whether the candidate's name is preprinted on the ballot or not. 7. Given the existing voter registration numbers, it’s likely the Democrat and Republican parties will each advance their nominee to the general election ballot. Nonetheless, two general election ballot spots still remain for the top minor party or Independent candidates.
The Keel - A large group of centrist voters, disenfranchised by closed partisan elections.
The Hybrid Primary Election Reform in Oregon
The Hybrid Primary Election Reform in Oregon