The Keel: A large Group of Centrist Voters



My name is Paul Damian Wells and I'm a Voting Rights Activist from Corvallis, Oregon. I'm committed to free and fair elections where all voters and candidates have an equal opportunity to participate - even those I disagree with.

Disenfranchised by the Two-Party System


Democrat:                 988,848
Republican:              716,953

Non-Affiliated:           687,585
Indep Party:               119,664
Total Independent:   807,249

Libertarian:                  19,065
Working Families:      10,709
Pacific Green:              10,252
Constitution:                   3,670
Progressive:                   1,797

Other:                            19,174
Total:                       2,577,717
Oregon Voter Registration
October 2016

White Paper


White Paper

Why free

White Paper

Me (Young) in 1992

Me (Old) in 2016

1992 -2016

Web Page

     All candidates party affiliated and non-affiliated, compete in a single primary to determine the top two candidates for each office.


Wells v.

Web Page


Thank you for offering, but I don't solicit or accept contributions.

Paul Damian Wells

SOS Web Site

Nonetheless, if you're seeking political alternatives - do consider the Independent Voter Project (IVP). They are a national group based in California and, among other things, they are attempting to organize the legal fight for election reform. I'm sure they could use your donation. (Link to the left)

You might also consider registering to vote as a member of the Independent Party of Oregon (IPO). To retain major party status and a publicly financed primary election, at least 5% of Oregon voters must be registered as members. You can change your registration online at the Secretary of State's website.


IVP Web Site

Not Associated
With a
Political Party



Partisan Top-Two
(A Compromise)
Last Site Update: 11/24/2016

White Paper


I've been actively involved in non-nartisan election reform since 1992. However, after nearly a quarter century of advocating for non-partisan Top-Two elections, I have finally come to the realization that some compromise between partisan and non-partisan elections must be found.

In a non-partisan Top-Two primary, two or more candidates will often "split" a single block of voter support. A candidate can lose the election simply because there is a similar candidate on the ballot. This is a very real problem for major parties. (In the 2016 Florida Presidential Preference Primary, there were 13 Republican candidates on the ballot.) A non-partisan Top-Two election is a "free" election - but it isn't a "fair" election.

The traditional way of solving this problem is to allow the formation of political parties. A closed partisan primary is then used to consolidate voter support behind a single candidate for each office. Unfortunately, in a free country like the U.S., no voter or candidate may be required to join a political party just to fully participate in our election process. Partisan primaries are fair to partisan voters - but don't guarantee "free" elections.

A "hybrid" aproach is a good compromise. Shown below is an overview of the "Partisan Top-Two" primary election. To the left, is a link to a white paper with mock ballots that illustrates what each voter would see at election time. This type of election process guarantees an equal opportunity to participate for all voters and candidates. At the same time, it insures that major party candidates are not disadvantaged simply because each major party typically fields more than one candidate per office.

     All voters partisan and independent, participate equally in selecting the top two candidates at the primary.

     Each Independent and Third Party voter receives a Nopartisan ballot with all candidates listed.

     Each Major Party voter receives a Major Party ballot with all candidates listed.

     Major Party ballots are tallied first. For each major party, and for each office, the major party candidate with the most votes wins.

     The vote tally from the Partisan ballots is then added to the vote tally of the Non-Partisan Ballots - but, the top major party candidate for each major party wins all of his/her party votes cast for the office. The partisan ballot is a "Winner-Take-All" contest.